East Asia Digital Library

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Title
Creator
Publisher

Kanjinchō, One of the 18 Great Plays of Kabuki

Titledcterms:title
錦絵帖
Creatordc:creator
歌川豊国他 画
Publisherdc:publisher
Printed Edition, 刊
URI
eadl:NDL000007311664

Abstract

  • Toyohara Kunichika (1835–1900) has been called the last great master of ukiyo-e. His dramatic Kabuki three-page sets of prints are much admired for their skilled use of color. Here he portrays Kanjinchō, a Kabuki play written earlier in the 19th century. This nishiki-e (Japanese multicolored woodblock print) was based on a performance of the play in May 1890 and published that year. The story is set in the late 12th century and shows at left Minamoto no Yoshitsune, played by Onoe Kikugorō V (1844–1903). Yoshitsune is a son of Minamoto no Yoshitomo, the former head of the Minamoto clan (also called Genji clan), and he and his followers are being hunted by his brother, the Shogun Minamoto no Yoritomo, the present head of the clan. While they are fleeing in the disguise of yamabushi (Buddhist mountain priests), they come to a checkpoint at Ataka in Kaga Province. There they are harshly interrogated by Togashi Saemon no jō, seen at right played by Ichikawa Sadanji I (1842–1904), who is under Yoritomo’s orders to arrest them. One of Yoshitsune’s followers, the quick-witted Benkei, seen at center played by Ichikawa Danjuro IX (1838–1903), asserts that they are not Yoshitsune’s party but real yamabushi, journeying around the provinces seeking donations for the rebuilding of the Tōdaiji Temple in Nara, which burned down in a battle. Challenged to prove his identity, Benkei takes out a blank scroll and says that it is a kanjinchō (subscription list formally laying out the benefits of donating to rebuilding temples) and pretends to read from it. Sparks fly from the eyes of one man to another. Benkei, anticipating that his ruse will be exposed, stares hard at his opponent. Togashi, sniffing out Benkei’s deceit, unsheaths his sword. Yoshitsune, dressed as a porter but behaving as if the deception has been detected, prepares to fight. The triptych depicts the whole situation, showing the complex feelings of each man through the expressions and gestures of the players. The old pine tree and the young bamboo trees painted behind the actors are based on the backdrop of Noh plays, which predated Kabuki.(en)

    歌舞伎の「勧進帳」は、19世紀後半に作られた舞踊劇である。この錦絵は、1890年5月の上演時に合わせて製作販売されたものである。三人の男の目が互いに火花を散らしている。舞台の設定は12世紀末。源氏の大将源義朝の九男、義経(左下の人物・五世尾上菊五郎[1844-1903])とその家来達は、兄の将軍源頼朝に追われて、山伏に変装して逃げる途中、加賀国安宅に着く。ここで、頼朝より彼らを捕まえることを命じられたこの地の城主・富樫左衛門(右横の人物・初世市川左団治[1842-1904])から、厳しい詮議を受ける。このとき、家来の弁慶(中央の人物・九世市川団十郎[1838-1903])は、とっさの機転で、自分たちは義経一行ではなく本物の山伏であると主張、その証拠として、戦いで焼失した奈良の東大寺を再建するために諸国を歩き寄付を集めているのだと言い、何も書かれていない白紙の巻物を、「勧進帳」(寺院再建の寄付を集めるため、その趣旨を記した文書。)と偽り(その偽りが見破られることを知りつつ)空で読み上げる。嘘がばれる覚悟をして相手を睨んでいる弁慶、対峙している富樫はその嘘に感づき、太刀の柄に手をかけている。山伏達の荷物を運ぶ従者に変装している義経は、嘘が気付かれたことを知り、戦闘態勢に入っている。それぞれの人物の複雑な心理や状況を、役者の表情やしぐさで見事に表現している。背景に描かれた巨大な松と若竹は、能の舞台の背景に倣って描かれたものである。作者は豊原国周(1835-1900)。幕末から明治にかけて活躍、最後の浮世絵師といわれた。歌舞伎絵を得意とし多くの役者を描き、傑作を遺した。

Metadata

Titledcterms:title
Kanjinchō, One of the 18 Great Plays of Kabuki(en) , 錦絵帖
Creatordc:creator
Toyohara, Kunichika(en) , 歌川豊国他 画
Publisherdc:publisher
Printed Edition, 刊
Subjectdc:subject
絵画, Painting
Languagedc:language
jpn
Data Providereadl:dataProvider
National Diet Library, Japan(en) , 国立国会図書館
Provided Ineadl:providedIn
Japan
Holding Agenteadl:holdingAgent
National Diet Library, Japan(en) , 国立国会図書館
Extenteadl:extent
2帖 ; 35.6cm, 2 Scrolls; 35.6cm
sameAsowl:sameAs
http://id.ndl.go.jp/bib/000007311664
Descriptiondcterms:description
装丁 : 和装, Colored, 彩色刷, Binding: Japanese-style Binding
Thumbnailfoaf:thumbnail
http://dl.ndl.go.jp/titleThumb/info:ndljp/pid/1301812
Has Vieweadl:hasView
http://id.ndl.go.jp/bib/000007311664
Local Holdingeadl:localHolding
寄別8-5-2-2, 기별8-5-2-2
Categoryschema:category
http://eadl.asia/collection/JapanCollection , http://eadl.asia/collection/NDL_ClassicalMaterialCollection , http://eadl.asia/collection/NDL_Others
Labelrdfs:label
Kanjinchō, One of the 18 Great Plays of Kabuki(en) , 錦絵帖
Digitizedeadl:digitized
eadl:NDL000007311664_DO117

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