East Asia Digital Library

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Title
Creator
Publisher

Mokuhachifu (Deciphering and Index Volume), 15 volumes

Titledcterms:title
目八譜 15巻
Creatordc:creator
[服部雪斎] [ほか画], [武蔵石寿] [著]
Issueddcterms:issued
1800
URI
eadl:NDL000007325417

Abstract

  • Painted by shogunate official Musashi Sekiju (Nom de plume: Gankao /Gansekikatei, 1766-1860), this artwork is at the apex of crustacean paintings created during the Edo period. Title Okamehatchimoku (Outsider's Better Grasp of the Situation) has another meaning in that the kanji of shellfish is broken down into ‘eye’ and ‘arm’. Daimyo of Toyama Maeda Toshiyasu wrote its foreword in Kōka 2(1845) yet update had been made thereafter. Most illustrations are correct, and illustrations of fish and shellfish are elaborated and detailed; Shapes of both inside and outside of shellfish and those from both mouth and opposite part of mouth of gastropods are portrayed, as well as same species with different colors, shapes, and sizes painted on multiple pages. Names, nicknames, dialects were presented, along with books referenced and the author’s opinions. The first half of Chapter 1 is dedicated to: preface, legend, illustrations of fish and shellfish, and renowned places of origin of 259 crustaceans; the second half of Chapter 1~Chapter 5: fish and shellfish; Chapter 6~9: gastropods; Chapter 10 Treasure Shellfish (based on subtitle in title page, the following chapters are titled in the same way): purple shellfish; Chapter 11 No Equality: abalone family; Chapter 12 Grotesque Shape: Scaphopoda, barnacle, common stalked barnacle, sea urchin; Chapter 13 Stream: shellfish splinters, gastropods’ lid; Chapter 14 Stormy Petrel or Starfish: distorted sea chestnut family, starfish, and spider starfish; and Chapter 15 Adhesion: shellfish attached to other objects. A total of 1169 strokes. Hattori Sessai, leading natural history artist of that time, was known to be the only illustrator of this book, yet recent studies confirmed that there are some handwritings which do not belong to Hattori Sessai. (Naohide Isono)(en)

    幕臣武蔵石寿(号は翫珂翁・翫石可亭、1766-1860)の著作で、江戸時代介譜の最高峰。書名は「岡目八目」と、貝の字を分解すると「目」と「八」になることを掛けている。富山藩主前田利保の序は弘化2年(1845)だが、その後も書き足された。図の多くは正確で、二枚貝では貝殻の外側と内側、巻貝では口側と反口側をともに描き、同一種でも色彩・模様・大きさの違う複数の図を示すなど、行き届いている。記文は品名に異名・方言を添え、多数の書物を引用し、自己の見解も示す。構成は、冊1前半が序と凡例、二枚貝の図解、介の名産地 259の地名など。冊1後半~冊5が二枚貝、冊6~9が巻貝、冊10「貝宝」(題箋副題、以下同)はタカラガイ、冊11の「無対」はアワビ類、冊12「異形」はツノガイ・ヘビガイ・フジツボ・カメノテ・正形ウニなど、冊13「支流」は貝の破片や巻貝の蓋、冊14「燕車」(海燕・海盤車の意味)は歪形ウニ類・ヒトデ・クモヒトデ、冊15「粘着」は他物に付着している貝。品数の総計は1169である。本書は博物画の名手服部雪斎一人が描いたように伝えられてきたが、最近の研究では雪斎以外の筆も少なくないことが判明している。(磯野直秀)(ja)

Metadata

Titledcterms:title
Mokuhachifu (Deciphering and Index Volume), 15 volumes(en) , 目八譜 15巻
Creatordc:creator
[Authored by] [Musashi Seki-jū ] [Illustrated by others including] [Hattori Sessai](en) , [武蔵石寿] [著], [服部雪斎] [ほか画]
Issueddcterms:issued
1800
Creatordcterms:creator
http://id.ndl.go.jp/auth/entity/00269606 , http://id.ndl.go.jp/auth/entity/00800477
Datedcterms:date
[江戸後期] [写]
Subjectdc:subject
Marine animals (fish and shellfish)(en) , 魚介
Audienceschema:audience
General public(en) , 一般
Languagedc:language
jpn
Data Providereadl:dataProvider
National Diet Library, Japan(en) , 国立国会図書館
Provided Ineadl:providedIn
Japan
Holding Agenteadl:holdingAgent
National Diet Library, Japan(en) , 国立国会図書館
Extenteadl:extent
15冊 ; 23.2cm
Descriptiondcterms:description
Binding: Traditional Japanese hardcover bookbinding(en) , 装丁 : 和装, Handwriting, Illuminated, 彩色, 自筆, 弘化2年の序あり, Kōka 2 foreword contained
Thumbnailfoaf:thumbnail
http://dl.ndl.go.jp/titleThumb/info:ndljp/pid/1287305
Has Vieweadl:hasView
http://id.ndl.go.jp/bib/000007325417
Local Holdingeadl:localHolding
寄別6-2-1-1
Categoryschema:category
http://eadl.asia/collection/NDL_HerbalMedicine_and_NaturalHistory , http://eadl.asia/collection/JapanCollection , http://eadl.asia/collection/NDL_ClassicalMaterialCollection
Labelrdfs:label
Mokuhachifu (Deciphering and Index Volume), 15 volumes(en) , 目八譜 15巻
Digitizedeadl:digitized
eadl:NDL000007325417_DO30 , eadl:NDL000007325417_DO31 , eadl:NDL000007325417_DO20 , eadl:NDL000007325417_DO34 , eadl:NDL000007325417_DO23 , eadl:NDL000007325417_DO24 , eadl:NDL000007325417_DO32 , eadl:NDL000007325417_DO21 , eadl:NDL000007325417_DO33 , eadl:NDL000007325417_DO22 , eadl:NDL000007325417_DO27 , eadl:NDL000007325417_DO28 , eadl:NDL000007325417_DO25 , eadl:NDL000007325417_DO26 , eadl:NDL000007325417_DO29

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