East Asia Digital Library

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Title
Creator
Publisher

[12 Months in Toyokuni]

Titledcterms:title
[豊國十二ヶ月]
Creatordc:creator
豊國 画
Publisherdc:publisher
[Tsutaya Kichizō], [蔦屋吉蔵]
Issueddcterms:issued
1854
URI
eadl:NDL000011005689

Abstract

  • This work is comprised of 12 sets of bijinga painted by Utagawa Toyokuni III (1786-1864), depicting annual events and customs of Edo, which were divided into 3 works for each of the 12 months in a year. The title is written inside the black frame of the seal that symbolizes the Utagawa School. The publisher is Tsutaya Kichijo (蔦屋吉藏), who was granted the publication permits in April and June 1854. Utagawa Toyokuni III was a pupil of the first generation Utagawa Toyokuni, who initially used the pseudonym Kunisada and started to be referred to as Toyokuni since 1844. As a master of bijinga and portraits of actors, he had a long career in paintings and a large number of pupils. “Mōshun (孟春, “beginning of spring”)” refers to the first month of the lunar calendar. The painting depicts two beautiful women who are dancing the harukoma (春駒舞, “hobbyhorse dance”: a Japanese traditional play held in the first month of a year in which participants visit numerous houses while carrying a pole covered with a horse-shaped mask) on stage set up in front of a thickly plastered paper screen door painted with small pine trees, and to their right is a woman who is playing music on a red carpet in front of a screen painted with a blossoming plum tree. Small pine trees, plum blossoms, and harukoma are all related to the first month of the lunar calendar. This is presumed to be an imaginary painting that depicts a kabuki performance held at a banquet, wishing for happiness and fortune in the first month of the year. The patterns of plovers and swirls drawn on the belt worn as part of the performer’s costume, which is designed with horizontal stripes, bear relevance with the Sawamura (澤村) family, a prestigious kabuki family. Peonies are drawn on the sleeves of a beautiful woman on the right, along with a reading table made using the makie (lacquer craft sprinkled with gold or silver powder) technique. The bottom part of the carpet is painted with a peony arabesque design, which is presumed to have related to the Ichikawa (市川) family, a prestigious kabuki family.(en)

    このシリーズは、歌川豊国(三代1786-1864)が、江戸の年中行事や風俗などを十二ヶ月に当てて描いた3枚続きの美人画12組から成る。歌川派を象徴する「年玉」印の黒い枠内に題名が書かれ、版元は蔦屋吉蔵で、嘉永7(1854)年4月と6月に出版許可の改印を受けている。三代豊国は初代歌川豊国の門人で、はじめ国貞と号し、弘化元年(1844)から豊国を名乗っている。美人画・役者絵の名手であり、画歴も長く、大勢の門人を擁した。 「孟春」は正月の異称。小松を描いた襖の前に踊り舞台をしつらえ春駒を踊る二美人、右手には梅花の衝立の前に台を設け、緋毛氈を敷いて音曲を受け持つ美人。小松も梅花も春駒も正月に因み、目出度尽くしの座敷狂言を想定した作品であろう。踊り手の衣装の手綱染にある千鳥模様、帯の観世水模様は歌舞伎役者の沢村家に因む模様。右図では美人の袖に牡丹があり、蒔絵の見台と毛氈下にも牡丹唐草があるのは、同じく市川家に因む模様を用いたものか。

Metadata

Titledcterms:title
[12 Months in Toyokuni](en) , [豊國十二ヶ月]
Creatordc:creator
Paintings of Toyokuni(en) , 豊國 画
Publisherdc:publisher
[Tsutaya Kichizō], [蔦屋吉蔵]
Issueddcterms:issued
1854
Creatordcterms:creator
http://id.ndl.go.jp/auth/entity/00272461
Datedcterms:date
[嘉永7 (1854)], Kaei 7 (1854)]
Subjectdc:subject
絵画, Painting
Audienceschema:audience
一般, General
Languagedc:language
jpn
Data Providereadl:dataProvider
National Diet Library, Japan(en) , 国立国会図書館
Provided Ineadl:providedIn
Japan
Holding Agenteadl:holdingAgent
National Diet Library, Japan(en) , 国立国会図書館
Extenteadl:extent
33 Volumes; 36.7×25.5cm, etc., 33枚 ; 36.7×25.5cm ほか
sameAsowl:sameAs
http://id.ndl.go.jp/bib/000011005689
TableOfContentsdcterms:tableOfContents
[8], [6], [4], [2], [10], 十二月ノ内 皐月生花會, 十二月之内 文月廿六夜待, 12 Months Series, Enjoying Moonlight, the 26th night of the 7th Lunar Month, 十二月ノ内 重陽後の月宴, 12 Months Series, Enjoying Moonlight, 8th Lunar Month, From 12 Months, Chrysanthemum Festival, the 9th day of the 9th Lunar Month, From 12 Months, Pounding Rice into Flour, 12th Lunar Month, 十二月ノ内 水無月土用干, From 12 Months, Ootori Shrine Festival, 11th Lunar Month, 12 Months Series, Flower Arrangement, 5th Lunar Month, [9], [7], 十二月ノ内 霜月酉のまち, [5], [3], 12 Months Series, Cuckoo’s Singing, 4th Lunar Month, [1], [11], 十二月ノ内 葉月つき見, 十二月ノ内 弥生雛祭, From 12 Months, First Snow, 10th Lunar Month, 十二月の内 卯月初時鳥, 十二月ノ内 孟春踊始, 12 Months Series, First Dance, 1st Lunar Month, 十二月の内 小春初雪, 12 Months Series, Gushing Wind, 6th Lunar Month, 十二月之内 師走餅つき, 12 Months Series, Hinamatsuri, 3rd Lunar Month
Descriptiondcterms:description
装丁 : 和装, Publisher conjectured from publishing agency’s trademark, and publishing year from blockcutter’s mark, Type: Nishiki-e, 3 Pieces of large-scale Nishiki-e, followed by 11 strophes 「12 Months Series, Plum-viewing, 2nd Lunar Month」 is missing, 形式: 錦絵, 出版者は版元商標, 出版年は改印による, 大判錦絵3枚続11組 「十二月の内 衣更着梅見」欠, Binding: Japanese-style Binding
Thumbnailfoaf:thumbnail
http://dl.ndl.go.jp/titleThumb/info:ndljp/pid/1310170
Has Vieweadl:hasView
http://id.ndl.go.jp/bib/000011005689
Local Holdingeadl:localHolding
寄別2-8-1-6, 기별2-8-1-6
Categoryschema:category
http://eadl.asia/collection/NDL_Other , http://eadl.asia/collection/JapanCollection , http://eadl.asia/collection/NDL_Classical_Material_Collection
Labelrdfs:label
[12 Months in Toyokuni](en) , [豊國十二ヶ月]
Digitizedeadl:digitized
eadl:NDL000011005689_DO266 , eadl:NDL000011005689_DO267

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